What is Asperger's Disorder?
Asperger’s Disorder, sometimes referred to as high-functioning Autism, is rapidly increasing as a diagnosis in children and adolescents, both in the U.S. and worldwide. Estimates are that as many as 20-25 out of every 10,000 children have Asperger’s Disorder. The disorder is seen in boys four times more often than girls. Each year, due to better diagnostic techniques and a wider range of conditions being included under Asperger’s Disorder, more and more children and adolescents are being diagnosed. Still a relatively new diagnosis (1994), there is no definitive, known cause of Asperger’s Disorder. Researchers believe that abnormalities in brain structures or functions, related to genetics, environment, or a combination of the two, may be the root cause. Children and adolescents with Asperger’s Disorder, often present with unique characteristics, habits, and abilities. They include:
 
♦  Impaired social interactions
♦  Repetitive routines
♦  Poor peer relationship development
♦  Below average non-verbal communication
♦  Limited eye contact
♦  Above average intelligence
♦  Narrow range of interests and preoccupations
♦  Sensory integration issues